I'm printing the output as described in here: How to programmatically render a node's teaser using the theme layer? in block using PHP filter.
Also I've a theme implementation file named:
views-view-field--field-image.tpl.php in the custom Mobile theme directory with this content:
<?php ?> <?php /*print $output;*/ ?>
This is hiding all image field output but not the output of drupal_render($view).
How to hide the images in this redered output as well?