I have a Content Type Courses & a User Role Student

In the student I used EntityReference to refer to a number of courses.

Is it possible to get a list of all the students that have a particular course referenced to them, in PHP?

Right now I'm only accustomed in getting a value from a field in a content type like this:

$user_surname = $profile_info['student']->field_surname['und'][0]['value'];

PS I think this has to do with back-reference,which is a module I already installed.

  • Yes, you can achieve that using the Views module. Oct 31, 2014 at 7:44
  • You really should not be manually accessing field_surname, you should be using field_get_items
    – Letharion
    Oct 31, 2014 at 8:11

1 Answer 1


You could do this with views (without PHP), but if you want to use PHP you should check out Entity Field Query

You will have to do something like this:

$query = new EntityFieldQuery();
$query->entityCondition('entity_type', 'user')
  ->propertyCondition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
  ->fieldCondition('your_field_course', 'target_id', $nid, '=')
  ->addMetaData('account', user_load(1)); // Run the query as user 1.
$result = $query->execute();
if (isset($result['user'])) {
  $uids = array_keys($result['user']);
  $users = entity_load('user', $uids);

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