What is best module to hide or disable or un-publish some terms in taxonomy or vocabulary like the way in the node tab of publishing in the back end
The taxonomy term status module is aimed at this use case.
There is an issue for that module regarding views exposed filters at https://www.drupal.org/node/1805882
Looking at that issue it is a little unclear the status of it. Some users say they have it working and others say they do not. I would try adding your experiences to that issue and someone that has experience with that specific problem may be able to help you get it working.