I don't know of any way to achieve what you're trying to do by only using the Views module. However, whenever you're ready to consider adding another module (such as the nodeblock you mentioned), I would start by looking at the Bean module (instead of nodeblock). Here is a quote about its project page:
Think of a Bean as a method to provide new types (compared to node this would be a content type) which then provides an add content interface to create as many blocks as you require (see screenshot below). The bean content can then be placed around the site just like any other block.
Combined with the options available for granting the appropriate Bean permissions, it should give you a lot of flexibility about how exactly you want to use this (great) module in your specific case. As a bonus, the Bean module also works great in combination with the UUID and UUID Features Integration modules. On top of that, after you become familiar with the Bean module, you might find other cases in your site where you also want to use the Bean module (which somehow compensates the fact that you need to add another module).
Note: your question contains "Block node" and "block", which I find a bit hard to differentiate to correctly understand your question. Therefor consider editing your question by replacing "Block node" by something like "MyBlocktype node" (or anything different from just "Block").