I am looking for specific difference in working and implementation of both

  • Welcome to Drupal Answers! If you have a specific concert, then ask a question about your concern. A question like What is the difference between A and B? is too generic. Answers would just repeat what the documentation says, and we aren't here to copy the documentation. – kiamlaluno Sep 28 '15 at 4:01
  • @kiamlaluno I understand your concern keeping the question undeleted as the answer below is good for me next time will keep this in mind not to ask open questions – Kaustubh Bhagwat Sep 28 '15 at 9:02

Perform alterations to a structured query.

ONLY queries that have already been tagged (at creation time) can be caught by this hook. If the query you are hoping to alter doesn't already have a tag (which effectively 'publishes' its willingness to let you mess with it) then you can't alter it using this method.

To find out - inspect the source code of the query you are trying to modify.


Alter the query before executing the query.

It took me a good bit of time to figure out how to use hook_views_query_alter to modify my view query so I just want to pass on some small bit of knowledge to others who may find it helpful. I wanted to create a view/block that displayed a list of books on my site. I only wanted to list the names of parent book pages not all book pages just book titles. Out of the box, the views module can create a view to display nodes of type "book" but that includes all book pages. The query looked like this:

SELECT node.created AS node_created, node.nid AS nid
WHERE (( (node.status = '1') AND (node.type IN  ('book')) ))
ORDER BY node_created DESC

What I really wanted was below query (that joined on the book table using book.nid):

SELECT node.created AS node_created, node.nid AS nid
LEFT JOIN book ON node.nid = book.nid
WHERE (( (node.status = '1') AND (node.type IN  ('book')) AND (book.nid = book.bid) ))
ORDER BY node_created DESC

I was able to create the latter query using the hook_views_query_alter. I spend most of the day reading about the views_plugin_query_default api and views_object and tried several query object function calls. Along the trip, I learned how to use the devel module and dpm to display my query in the admin. I tried all kinds of stuff and ended on this two line module.

function my_hook_views_query_alter(&$view, &$query){
  if ($view->name == 'my_hook') {
    $alias = $query->add_table('book','node');
    $query->add_where_expression(0,'book.nid = book.bid');
    dpm($query); //dumps object to admin with devel module

The add_table call automatically analyzed the relationship and created the LEFT JOIN above. I had played around with the views_plugin_query_default::add_where but the result was only a simple where clause that only allowed a scalar value (e.g. book.nid = 'book.bid'). The add_where_expression uses the condition type 'formula' to create a complex where. The resulting where clause that just joins on book.bid was :

WHERE (( (node.status = '1') AND (node.type IN  ('book')) AND (book.nid  = book.bid) ))


 hook_query_alter(QueryAlterableInterface $query)

This query is used to alter simply system queries. It requires one parameter $query that describes the composite part of a SQL query. For more details check the drupal docs.


hook_views_query_alter(&$view, &$query)

Actually this is used to alter the query before executing the views query. It requires two parameters &$view and &$query . Here &$query is an object that describe the query and &$view is the view object about to be processed. For further information check at drupal docs.



This hook should be placed in MODULENAME.views.inc and it will be auto-loaded. MODULENAME.views.inc must be in the directory specified by the 'path' key returned by MODULENAME_views_api(), or the same directory as the .module file, if 'path' is unspecified.

how to use hook_query_alter

Structured (aka dynamic) queries that have tags associated may be altered by any module before the query is executed.

How to use hook_query_alter

For more details

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