In my template preprocess function I have a variable:

$test = "<p>this is a paragraph</p>";

and I pass it to my template:

$variables['test'] = $test;

and output it in twig:


but instead of getting a formatted paragraph, I'm getting the original output in plain text:

<p>this is a paragraph</p>

How do I get Drupal to render this as normal HTML?


2 Answers 2


Because twig auto-escapes unsafe content and your content isn't marked as safe.

You can explicitly tell it that it is with $test = Markup::create($test); but you should be very careful with that. If it contains any sort of user input, you might open yourself for XSS issues.

Better approaches are using a render array like ['#markup' => 'your text'] which by default will allow a certain amount of html tags but not all of them. You can also use an inline template as documented here: https://www.drupal.org/node/2311123.

Twig natively understands render arrays, so it doesn't matter for your template if you provide a render array or a string.

  • 2
    I found that by using the raw filter, I get the output I need, so: {{test|raw }} gives 'this is a paragraph' without the markup.
    – RominRonin
    Commented Jan 22, 2016 at 16:14
  • 1
    ok, so raw is unsafe and I don't understand how I should use the example documentation you provided
    – RominRonin
    Commented Jan 22, 2016 at 16:19
  • 1
    Ok, with the help of some #drupal IRC idlers I found this: drupal.org/node/2296163 which contains a few options for outputting markup in twig.
    – RominRonin
    Commented Jan 22, 2016 at 17:20
  • 1
    In my example, I retrieved $test from a db query, and the field data was stored with markup (basic html ckeditor field), so the #markup method was the most relevant for this use case.
    – RominRonin
    Commented Jan 22, 2016 at 17:21
  • @RominRonin, just seen this comment. If this is data stored in a formatted text field this is a completely different question. Then #markup is unsafe. You have to render it with processed_text. See drupal.stackexchange.com/questions/223967/…
    – 4uk4
    Commented Apr 6, 2022 at 7:25

These are two possibilities to wrap $test in a paragraph and pass it to the twig template:

$variables['test'] = [
  '#markup' => $test,
  '#prefix' => '<p>',
  '#suffix' => '</p>',

$variables['test'] = [
  '#type' => 'inline_template',
  '#template' => '<p>{{ text }}</p>',
  '#context' => [
    'text' => $test,
  • I was trying to create a render array in Twig to pass that to a sub-template via include. The Markup render array doesn't work, but the inline_template worked. Yea, seems like I need to pass the #allowed_tags too.
    – Harish ST
    Commented Jun 20, 2023 at 8:49

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