You cannot do this easily to my knowledge.
I recently looked at the Search API (7x) module for similar functionality and basically you can do preconfigured Ranges using these modules:
(7x) https://www.drupal.org/project/search_api_ranges this modules treats a range value as a numeric values, which dates are essentially not. Converting to timestamps is a pita.
(7x) the Search API does not support the
BETWEEN operator of Solr yet directly for Views integration. See https://www.drupal.org/node/1783746
The only alternative I've found for date searching with Solr (using Search API) is basically 2 exposed filters in Views going off of an Indexed date field in Solr. And then configuring the filter to use the date_popup widget for a nice calendar with day, month and year selection options -- but it's not a simple range or slider widget.
You may get better mileage from the Apache Solr module instead of Search API but I use the Search API module because I can see with little effort it supports Solr 5.x in the module include files.