I'm trying to manually update a node and I'm not sure how the language works.

The node is in English, so $node->language = 'en';

However, all my fields data are organized like this in the node:


I thought 'und' means "language undefined", so shouldn't it be 'en' instead?

I'm trying to automate the process so is it safe to assume fields will always use 'und' in nodes?


3 Answers 3


Yes - it is safe to assume this. The locale module will deal with this by setting it to the language code of the default language, ex 'en'.

Citing from: http://drupal.org/update/modules/6/7#drupal_language_none

In Drupal 7, the LANGUAGE_NONE constant should be used for nodes or other items that do not have a specific language associated with it.


You can get field values without use LANGUAGE_NONE.

$field_items = field_get_items('node', $node, 'field_name');
$value = $field_items[0]['value'];

Instead of specifying a language, I prefer to just use entity_metadata_wrapper().

For example:

$node = entity_metadata_wrapper('node', SOME_NODE_ID);
$value = $node->field_something->value(); // returns field value
$node->field_something->set('new value'); // sets field value

Source: https://www.drupal.org/docs/7/api/entity-api/entity-metadata-wrappers

  • Hey hey, welcome to DA. Nice snippet. But I don't actually see how this answers OP's problem?
    – leymannx
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 21:40
  • It's more of a different way to solve the root problem so that the actual question becomes a moot point.
    – Garrett W.
    Commented Jun 14, 2018 at 21:46

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