I am setting up a view, with the Authored on filter exposed. When selecting the box, there isn't any popup calendar.
Doesn't Drupal 8 come with a calendar popup in core? How can I turn this on for exposed filters with date?
This can be done with the Better Exposed Filters module.
Enable the module, set it as the exposed form handler under Advanced -> Exposed form style, on the BEF settings page dialog set the filter display option to "jQuery UI Datepicker". Save everything and you should be good to go.
Note that changing from the default date format may require you to implement