I have a content type that has a entity reference field that allows users to add multiple taxonomy terms in that field. I'm attempting to perform queries that grab nodes that have a specific set of taxonomy terms within that field.

Using one value in that field works fine, like so.

    $query = \Drupal::entityQuery('node')
        ->condition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
        ->condition('type', 'custom_type')
        ->condition('custom_taxonomy', 2)
        ->sort('field_last_name', DESC);

Where 2 is the id of the term I'm searching for. However when I attempt to search for nodes that contain two specific terms like so,

    $query = \Drupal::entityQuery('node')
        ->condition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
        ->condition('type', 'custom_type')
        ->condition('custom_taxonomy', [2,8])
        ->sort('field_last_name', DESC);

I receive the error

Invalid parameter number: number of bound variables does not match number of tokens:

I've also attempted

    $query = \Drupal::entityQuery('node')
        ->condition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
        ->condition('type', 'custom_type')
        ->condition('custom_taxonomy', [2,8], 'IN')
        ->sort('field_last_name', DESC);

Which doesn't fail, but doesn't provide the intended results. It displays every node that has either term 2 OR term 8. Instead of term 2 AND term 8 as intended. How would I perform a query that checks if a node has multiple specific values in an entity reference field?


Use two separate andConditionGroup():

$query = \Drupal::entityQuery('node')
  ->condition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
  ->condition('type', 'custom_type');
$and = $query->andConditionGroup();
$and->condition('custom_taxonomy', 2);
$and = $query->andConditionGroup();
$and->condition('custom_taxonomy', 8);
$result = $query->execute();

This works no matter how many terms are in the field or in which delta they are.


This results in this SQL:

SELECT base_table.vid AS vid, base_table.nid AS nid
{node} base_table
INNER JOIN {node_field_data} node_field_data ON node_field_data.nid = base_table.nid
INNER JOIN {node__custom_taxonomy} node__custom_taxonomy ON node__custom_taxonomy.entity_id = base_table.nid
INNER JOIN {node__custom_taxonomy} node__custom_taxonomy_2 ON node__custom_taxonomy_2.entity_id = base_table.nid
WHERE  (node_field_data.status = '1') AND (node_field_data.type = 'custom_type') AND( (node__custom_taxonomy.custom_taxonomy_target_id = '2') )AND( (node__custom_taxonomy_2.custom_taxonomy_target_id = '8') )
  • He tried an equivalent code above and it returned no values, did you check that this code works? – Eyal Jan 23 '17 at 20:54
  • Yes, it works for the standard article and tags field filled with multiple tags. – 4k4 Jan 23 '17 at 20:55
  • Maybe my suggestion failed because I wrote it like so $and->condition('custom_taxonomy', [2], 'IN'), $and->condition('custom_taxonomy', [8], 'IN') – Eyal Jan 23 '17 at 20:57
  • 3
    That doesn't matter, just tested it, works with 'IN' too. What makes the difference is the two separate AND groups. – 4k4 Jan 23 '17 at 21:02
  • 2
    Nice, didn't know this works. Makes sense, as this forces multiple joins internally. – Berdir Jan 23 '17 at 21:33

To do complex queries as you asked, you will need to use a condition group and to query the delta.

$query = \Drupal::entityQuery('node');
$query->condition('status', NODE_PUBLISHED)
  ->condition('type', 'custom_type')
  ->condition('custom_taxonomy', [2, 8], 'IN')
  ->condition('custom_taxonomy.%delta', 2, '=')
  ->sort('field_last_name', DESC);
$or = $query->orConditionGroup();
$or->condition('custom_taxonomy.0.target_id', 2);
$or->condition('custom_taxonomy.0.target_id', 8);

See QueryInterface::condition documentation.

  • I implemented the answer, but for some reason it's not displaying the proper results. If I use only one of the $and conditions, like [2], 'IN' or [8], 'IN' it displays the results just fine, but when I use both, I don't get any results. I triple checked to make sure I have nodes that have both. – Matt Jan 23 '17 at 20:12
  • Thinking about it, there is no need for the AND conditionGroup because the entityQuery uses AND by default. – Eyal Jan 23 '17 at 20:14
  • Okay I changed it to just using $query->condition() but I'm still having the issue that when using both it doesn't display any results. – Matt Jan 23 '17 at 20:18
  • As per the QueryInterface::condition documentation you can apply conditions on the delta. I'll update the answer with an example code. – Eyal Jan 23 '17 at 20:19
  • @Eyal, the AND condition group seems to be redundant, but it really helps to specify multiple conditions for the same field. You only need to put each condition in a separate AND group. – 4k4 Jan 23 '17 at 20:34

$taxonomy_term = 'taxonomy_term'; $vid = 'name_taxon'; $terms = $this->entity_type_manager->getStorage($taxonomy_term) ->loadTree($vid);

foreach ($terms as $term) {
  $term_data[] = [
    "vid" => $term->vid,
    "name" => $term->name,

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