On a Drupal 8 site, I see an error on a block which says:
This block is broken or missing. You may be missing content or you might need to enable the original module.
How can I resolve this error?
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You have created a Custom block and the custom block was placed in a region, then you lost the custom block maybe was deleted or you made a Config Export from one environment and a Config Import in other. So the custom block is no longer exists but in the Block layout page (admin/structure/block), the references exist.
So, remove the missing Block from the Block layout page (admin/structure/block) and create again the Custom block and place it again in the region.
There is a core issue open discussing this problem: https://drupal.org/project/drupal/issues/2756331
This can also be overcome by using this module: https://www.drupal.org/project/recreate_block_content
The placement of the block is stored as configuration. This is what gets exported and synced between environments. The actual content of the block is considered exactly that: content. This means that when you import your new configuration into a different environment (or delete the block and then re-import the configuration) there is a mismatch between the configuration for the block and the actual block instance (which no longer exists).
To resolve this issue, you simply need to delete the configuration for the missing block and then recreate the block. This allows your site to resolve the discrepancies.
Another option would be to use the fixed_block_content contributed module to manage this process for you.
There is a Drupal Core issue discussing this very thing. https://drupal.org/project/drupal/issues/2756331
This happens because when a block is created, a unique id is generated (uuid). This can be seen from the block_content table.
A custom block is a piece of content similar to a Node, so if you create a block in one environment (dev for example) and recreate the block manually on a different environment (Production or QA). The block will have a different uuid.
The Configuration Synchronization will be looking for an uuid that doesn't exist. In order to fix this, you need to import the data from the database. Or simply update (id and uuid) on the following tables:
I encountered this myself, using modules or patches did not work for me.
Doing the Database fix route, thinking this has something to do with UUIDs or IDs. Everything seems fine.
What worked for me to fix this is to modify the
block_content_field_data table and made sure all the existing blocks for the field
reusable is not
Then do a cache clear for the site and you'll see the missing custom blocks. So far this workaround worked for me.
Oh and i'm at 8.6.13 at this time.
My problem was caused by a block existing only on dev and then configuration pointing to a block that did not exist elsewhere. It came up in Layout Builder. I'm on Drupal 8.7.6 and I was able to simply go in to the layout builder, remove the bad block reference, re-add the correct block and the problem was solved. I just had to be sure to re-export my configuration and update my repo so as not to recreate the problem.