I have a custom module that allows administrator users to review users, and then approve their registration. I can't figure out how to programmatically trigger the 'approve' process.

Changing their role, or doing a regular user_save() with the new status doesn't seem to trigger rules associated with activating the user.

I'm sure there's a simple function for this, but I can't find it.

  • Which "approve process" do you mean? AFAIK, approving a user is nothing more than setting the user status to 1. Can you be more specific about what else you expect to happen (maybe sending an e-mail to the admin?), or which hooks you expect to be invoked? – marcvangend Apr 5 '12 at 8:05
  • Drupal has already a page where the administrator users can approve the registration done from new users. Why do you need a custom module for this? – espero May 5 '12 at 20:15

You have to rely on user_load to load the $user object, edit what's appropriate, in your case $user->status, then user_save the modified object.

You could also use db_query to update the users table directly if you know what you're doing.

As for triggering the rule, this post explains how to do it.


To expand on Countzero's answer a bit with an example:

If we have a function in a custom module that is passed the UID, for this example we will update a user from 'blocked' to 'active' using Drupal's user_load() and user_save() functions.

function MYMODULE_update_user($uid) {

// Load user object.
// To avoid confusion and to avoid clobbering the global $user object,
// assign the result of this function to a different local variable.
$account = user_load($uid);

// Change user from 'blocked' to 'active'.
user_save($account, array('status'=> 1));

The user_save() documentation is as follows:

user_save($account, $edit = array(), $category = 'account')


$account: (optional) The user object to modify or add. If you want to modify an existing user account, you will need to ensure that (a) $account is an object, and (b) you have set $account->uid to the numeric user ID of the user account you wish to modify. If you want to create a new user account, you can set $account->is_new to TRUE or omit the $account->uid field.

$edit: An array of fields and values to save. For example array('name' => 'My name'). Key / value pairs added to the $edit['data'] will be serialized and saved in the {users.data} column.

$category: (optional) The category for storing profile information in.

Return value

A fully-loaded $user object upon successful save or FALSE if the save failed.

To determine what part of the $edit array() to modify, you can do something like a hook_form_alter to dpm() out the user object.


If you need to activate all users Programmatically via following methods.

$uids = db_query('SELECT uid FROM {users}')->fetchCol();
foreach (user_load_multiple($uids) as $account) {
  $account->status = 1;

This will invoke all other activities related to this action such as mail notification, other hook altering etc.

Entity API module:-

$users = entity_load('user');
 foreach ($users as $user) {
  if ($user->uid != 0) {
    $user->status = 1;
    entity_save('user', $user);

Query update using db_update

 ->fields(array('status' => 1))

Note:- Reference link

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