I have a form that adds a product to the cart.

The form uses AJAX to open a modal when the form is submitted.

I want to show form errors (if any) before the modal opens and avoid opening it if there are errors.

Here's my form submit element:

$form['submit'] = [
  '#type' => 'submit',
  '#value' => $this->t('Submit'),
  '#ajax' => [
    'callback' => '::submitAjaxForm'
  '#attached' => [
    'library' => ['core/drupal.dialog.ajax'],

My submitAjaxForm:

public function submitAjaxForm(array $form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {
  $response = new AjaxResponse();
  $response->addCommand(new OpenModalDialogCommand(
    $this->t('Product added to cart!'),
      '#theme' => 'some_theme',

  return $response;

And my submitForm:

public function submitForm(array &$form, FormStateInterface $form_state) {
  // Add product to cart.

I have tried by adding this code to the AjaxSubmit but it only shows the error messages once the page has been reloaded.

if ($form_state::hasAnyErrors()) {
  foreach ($form_state->getErrors() as $error) {

    $message = [
      '#theme' => 'status_messages',
      '#message_list' => $this->messenger()->messagesByType(MessengerInterface::TYPE_ERROR),

    $messages = $this->renderer->render($message);

    $response = new AjaxResponse();
    $response->addCommand(new HtmlCommand('#result-message', $messages));

    return $response;

How can I show the errors without having to reload the page?

1 Answer 1


I see two things that stand out to me:

1) Setting the '#name' attribute on the submit button. You should never do that. I've learned over the days that there is always a better way to do whatever you're trying to do when setting the #name attribute, and setting it causes some wonkiness. This may be why your form is not rebuilding.

2) You are rendering your status messages in a D7 way. Use this instead:

$messages = ['#type' => 'status_messages']; $response->addCommand(new PrependCommand('#target-div', \Drupal::service('renderer')->renderRoot($messages))); It looks weird, because the messages aren't being retrieved, but by setting the #type to status messages, Drupal will handle the retrieval in the background. This is probably why you are seeing some funkiness with the messages.

  • I don't set #name on the submit button.
    – user72672
    Sep 3, 2019 at 10:10

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