I'm begining with Drupal 8 and I want to get the url of the photos in the content I create to display them.
The context is : a photograph upload pictures for a customer. This customer can see it on a page. To get this data in common I created a content for my shooting with an id.
What i did is :

$photos = $shooting->field_shooting_photos->target_id;

This allow me to get the id of every pictures uploaded. Now I want to do a foreach on $photos in my .module that will return every url in an array.
Then I will use this array in my Twig and do a foreach on it too to return every photos.
I just can't figure out how to do, I think I will have to use something like that

$path = $photo_id->getFileUri();

but I can't figure out the syntax to get it into an array.
Thank you for your help!

Solution :

Here is what I did in case it can help someone :

$photosTest = $shooting->field_shooting_photos->referencedEntities();

$photoUrls = [];

foreach($photosTest as $media) {
  $photoUrls[] =
  $photoUrls[] = [
      'render' => [
         '#theme' => 'image_style',
         '#style_name' => 'medium',
         '#uri' => $media->field_media_image->entity->getFileUri()
       'href' => $media->field_media_image->entity->getFileUri(),

In my Twig file I render the array :

 {% for photo in photos %}
    <a href="{{ file_url(photo.href) }}">{{ photo.render }}</a>
 {% endfor %}

1 Answer 1


Giving field_shooting_photos is a multi valued field of Files, this is how to generate your array of URI :

$photoUrls = [];
foreach($shooting->field_shooting_photos->referencedEntities() as $image) {
    $photoUrls[] = $image->getFileUri();

For media image :

$photoUrls = [];
foreach($shooting->field_shooting_photos->referencedEntities() as $media) {
    $photoUrls[] = $media->field_media_image->entity->getFileUri();

Note this will give you the File_id of the first image in the entite file reference list :


NB : Best way is probably to generate render array or use built-in drupal themes, is none fit your needs, your may also generate a custom field formatter.

  • thank you, i'm trying your solution but I get a Call to undefined method Drupal\media\Entity\Media::getFileUri(), I probably need to do a load first no ?
    – StefanYYC
    Sep 24, 2019 at 7:58
  • That's why i said "Giving field_shooting_photos is a multi valued field of Files" you get an iterable of Media, so you have to deal with medias instead of File. I update my answer in few time. Sep 24, 2019 at 8:11
  • Okay thank you, I'm searching on still
    – StefanYYC
    Sep 24, 2019 at 8:20
  • I gave you the piece of caode for media references in this answer. Sep 24, 2019 at 8:28
  • 1
    Are you trying to render this array directly in your twig file ? That's not the way to render medias and/or images in drupal (have a look at my NB). Have a look at drupal.org/docs/8/api/render-api/render-arrays and drupal.stackexchange.com/questions/251844/…. Sep 24, 2019 at 8:42

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