This is a display which can be embedded via views_embed_view() or drupal_view() of Twig Tweak.
You can embed other display types, too, for example Page or Block, but the first one generates a route and the second one a block derivate you see when adding blocks to the block layout. So Embed is basically a display type which does nothing until you embed it in code.
The only explanation you can find in Views UI is in the general settings, where there is this checkbox:
[x] Allow embedded displays
Embedded displays can be used in code via views_embed_view().
Which by the way is without function and there is an open issue to remove it.