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in the composer.json file is version information for each module installed in Drupal.
For example:

…
"behat/behat": "~3.1"
"composer/installers": "^1.7"
…
"drupal/better_exposed_filters": "^4.0@alpha"
"drupal/blazy": "^2.0@RC"
…

Where can I find out what kind of version it is?
Using the example of "behat/behat" what does the character ~ mean?
Does it only mean version 3.1?

Or "composer/installers", version information ^1.7, meaning everything greater than version 1.7?

Does anyone know a link where you can read the version name / definition / meaning?

Greetings

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