I have created a FAPI form with an element of #type => date and it works as expected.

$form['date'] = array(
  '#type' => 'date',
  '#title' => t('Event date:'),

However, the options displayed in the year field range from 1900 - 2050. I would like to be able to limit this to a much smaller range starting with the current year. What would be the best way to accomplish this?

  • I don't know the answer, but if you look at form_process_date you can see the defaults being added. Probably you'll want to be messing with the $options parameter somehow.
    – Letharion
    Commented May 15, 2012 at 18:44

2 Answers 2


If you don't want to change every date field—which might have side effects else where on the site—you can easily do it on specific form elements.

function example_form(&$form, &$form_state)  {
  $form['birthday'] = array(
    '#type' => 'date',
    '#title' => t('Birthday'),
    '#required' => TRUE,
    // Add a second process function so we can change the years:
    '#process' => array('form_process_date', 'example_fix_year_range'),

  return $form;

 * Follow form_process_date() and re-do the years.
function example_fix_year_range($element) {
  $year = format_date(REQUEST_TIME, 'custom', 'Y');
  $element['year']['#options'] = drupal_map_assoc(range($year - 120, $year));
  return $element;

You can implement hook_element_info_alter() to alter the definition of the form element given from system_element_info().

The default definition is the following one:

  $types['date'] = array(
    '#input' => TRUE, 
    '#element_validate' => array('date_validate'), 
    '#process' => array('form_process_date'), 
    '#theme' => 'date', 
    '#theme_wrappers' => array('form_element'),

form_process_date() is the function that set the year sub-element. If you replace it with your own process function, or add it, you can alter that limit.
The code used from the default preprocess function is the following one.

  // Output multi-selector for date.
  foreach ($order as $type) {
    switch ($type) {
      case 'day':
        $options = drupal_map_assoc(range(1, 31));
        $title = t('Day');

      case 'month':
        $options = drupal_map_assoc(range(1, 12), 'map_month');
        $title = t('Month');

      case 'year':
        $options = drupal_map_assoc(range(1900, 2050));
        $title = t('Year');

    $element[$type] = array(
      '#type' => 'select', 
      '#title' => $title, 
      '#title_display' => 'invisible', 
      '#value' => $element['#value'][$type], 
      '#attributes' => $element['#attributes'], 
      '#options' => $options,

As alternative, you can implement hook_preprocess_date(), which is executed when theme_date() is called. (In Drupal 7, every theme function executes preprocess hooks, not just a theme function using a template file.) Doing so, you can alter the form element the preprocess function gets in $variables['element'].

I would rather use the latter method, even though both the methods would work; it is simpler, as it doesn't require two hooks.

  • I implemented the latter solution as you suggested and it worked like a charm. Thanks! Commented May 15, 2012 at 19:55

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