Is there a way to use a taxonomy term name to get all the parent terms in Views?
If the taxonomy terms are the following, is there a way to get "one" and "two," given "three"?
taxonomy_get_parents_all will do what you're looking for, but I don't believe it's possible in views. http://api.drupal.org/api/drupal/modules--taxonomy--taxonomy.module/function/taxonomy_get_parents_all/6
That being said, there's a module that might help you with that. It's called Taxonomy Views Integrator http://drupal.org/project/tvi