I am retrieving remote data by clicking an update button. I want to make it automatic. I read many articles about it but I didn't find a good example for using hook_cron_queue_info in my module. can anybody help me?

  • There are working examples on the docs page...do they not work for you? If not, could you add some more information: show the code you've tried, and what errors were produced
    – Clive
    Apr 9, 2013 at 14:00
  • I used the examples which has been on that page but nothing happened! no drupal message has been set after running the function. ok I will put some parts of my code since it is very long
    – nooshinha
    Apr 9, 2013 at 14:12
  • Yeah some code will help a lot :) I'm a bit confused what you mean though, none of the examples on that page set a message of any kind...
    – Clive
    Apr 9, 2013 at 14:14
  • $function = 'itunesdec_batch_update_apps'; $_SESSION['http_request_count'] = 0; // reset counter for debug information. $batch = $function(); batch_set($batch); this is what i use in my hook_form_submit. I want to do this b a cron automatically so that user won't be forced to do this job.
    – nooshinha
    Apr 9, 2013 at 19:24
  • I found this drupal.org/project/examples very helpful.
    – nooshinha
    Apr 10, 2013 at 7:20

1 Answer 1


You can look at the example code shown in the documentation from hook_cron_queue_info(), which still needs an explanation on how it is used.

function hook_cron_queue_info() {
  $queues['aggregator_feeds'] = array(
    'worker callback' => 'aggregator_refresh',
    'time' => 60,
  return $queues;

The code show is actually the implementation of hook_cron_queue_info() made from the Aggregator module. (See aggregator_cron_queue_info().)

"aggregator_feeds" is the name of a Drupal queue that is filled with items that need to be processed; "aggregator_refresh" is the name of a function that will be called when Drupal executes cron tasks, once for each item contained in the "aggregator_feeds" Drupal queue. aggregator_refresh() gets the item taken from that Drupal queue as first parameter.

The question you would ask at this point is: When are the Drupal queue items added to the queue?

The Aggregator module does that in its hook_cron() implementation, but any function could add items to a Drupal queue, including other hooks (with the exception of hook_cron_queue_info() and similar hooks*), form submission handlers, page callbacks, or any function called from those functions.

* By "similar hooks" I mean all those hooks that return information, and that are not invoked to handle an event or after/before an event occurred/occurs (as in the case of hook_node_delete()). In the list of "similar hooks," I would add, for example:

  • your answer made clear many things for me including the steps which happen in whole story. thanks a lot
    – nooshinha
    Apr 9, 2013 at 19:26

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