I've been trying this for awhile, and I keep finding answers that are close - but not quite.
If there is a node with taxonomy terms attached to it, I want to create a block in Views that I can place in the sidebar that will load the terms that are attached to THAT node.
I want to do it through Views so I can rewrite the URL with a custom query using the term IDs.
I'm open to other suggestions as well! I've also tried Display Suite, but I didn't want to go too far down that path just yet. The attached image is ideal, where the category taxonomy terms are being loaded based on terms that are attached to the node.