Hopefully this is clearer, and my last question in a long time!

Using PDO I have connected to an external DB, I can query this and return an array of values, Using html/php I can populate a standard select box. However I am unsure how to do this in the Form API, taking the array from the second paragraph, or do I query within the form item that produces the drop down? I want to take the name and the id, display the name. So that I can store the ID later.

      $stmt = $conn->prepare("SELECT admin_name, adminuser_id FROM adminuser_tbl");
if ($stmt->execute()) {
$user_list = array();
foreach ($stmt as $row) {
    $user_list[$row->adminuser_id] = $row->admin_name;

    '#title' => t('Users'),
    '#options' => $user_list,
    '#multiple' => false,

In a while looping over your result, populate array.

$user_list = array();
while ($row = $stmt->fetch()) { // See this line in your original code
   $user_list[$row->user_id] = $row->name; 
   // Apply transformations and conditions here, if needed

Or, as Clive suggested:

$user_list = $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_KEY_PAIR);

Then simply use this array

'#options' => $user_list,

By the way, if you really want to make assignment in condition, proper way to write it is:

while ( ($row = $stmt->fetch()) )

As you can see, assignment is wrapped in double parentheses. It is the way to say future developers and code review tools "yes, it is not a typo, I really wanted it this way, I did not forgot about second =".

  • 1
    Or even quicker: $user_list = $stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_KEY_PAIR); (would mean the query parameters need to be reversed to user_id, name)
    – Clive
    Aug 1 '13 at 11:12
  • @Clive I usually make some operations in the loop, too. And Drupal's DB api don't have PDO::FETCH_KEY_PAIR as far as I remember... So I just forgot, my mistake.
    – Mołot
    Aug 1 '13 at 11:17
  • We have fetchAllKeyed() which is functionality equivalent :)
    – Clive
    Aug 1 '13 at 11:20
  • @Clive Good to know. I'm yet to encounter a situation where I will not need a loop anyway ;) If I will, I hope I'll remember this.
    – Mołot
    Aug 1 '13 at 11:21
  • @Clive I have edited the question, with what I have tried, I'm getting a blank box? I'm obviously doing something wrong? the array $user_list is empty
    – Tom
    Aug 1 '13 at 11:27

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