On my site, users can input their nationality in a field provided by the Countries module. About half the users on my site are Japanese, and the other half come from all other countries.

I have a view that allows members to search for each other, and I want to make the nationality an exposed filter. Since there are 200+ countries in the world, I do not want to expose the entire list of countries (this would be a selection nightmare on mobile phones).

Instead, I would like to provide a select list with three options: All countries, Japan, and Not Japan.

The Views UI allows administrators to select options on select lists and limit the list to the selected options by checking a box. This is not what I want to do, because there is no way to create a Not Japan option (which should show all members from all countries except Japan).

This answer suggests writing a custom views filter handler, but I'm a bit confused about where to begin.

The Countries module provides its own custom handlers, but (I think) these are overkill for what I need (you have to add a relationship to the country, which allows you to filter by continent, etc.); I simply need to make a version of the basic select list handler with my three options.

It seems that most views handlers extend another. In the views/handlers folder there is a file, views_handler_filter_string.inc, which I think I can use, but I'm not really sure what the next step is to take.


1 Answer 1


I've done something very similar to that with the following process:

  1. Implement hook_views_api() in a custom module

    function MYMODULE_views_api() {
      return array(
        'api' => 3,
        'path' => drupal_get_path('module', 'MYMODULE') . '/includes/views',
  2. Create includes/views/views_handler_filter_MYMODULE_country.inc somewhere with code similar to this (the MYMODULE bit isn't necessary, just a bit of low-tech namespacing):

    class views_handler_filter_MYMODULE_country extends views_handler_filter_in_operator {
      * Get value options for the select list.
      function get_value_options() {
        // Replace $this->value_options with an appropriately filtered list.
        $this->value_options = function_to_build_filtered_list();
  3. Register that file with the autoloader by adding this to MYMODULE.info:

    files[] = includes/views/views_handler_filter_MYMODULE_country.inc
  4. Finally, implement hook_field_views_data_alter() to force Views to use your new handler, changing the $field['field_name'] condition (and other similar strings based on field_address) to whatever makes sense for your site

    function MYMODULE_field_views_data_alter(&$result, $field, $module) {
      // Limit country exposed filters.
      if ($module == 'addressfield' && $field['field_name'] == 'field_address') {
        $result['field_data_field_address']['field_address_country']['filter']['handler'] = 'views_handler_filter_MYMODULE_country';

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