Basically the issue is that drupal_set_message() shows a message twice on some pages, when it is called from hook_init().

How can I avoid it happens?

2 Answers 2


It's likely that the first message you see is the left-over result of a previous AJAX call, and the second message is the one you're intending to see.

To test that, open a different browser and browse to the page in question. First time round you should see the message once; when you refresh the page, and on subsequent requests, you should see it twice.

It happens because hook_init() is also invoked for AJAX requests, but the messages added to the session are never printed-then-cleared - so there's an extra copy of the same message in the next normal page load.

For most (all?) modern browser/server combinations you can use something like this to detect whether or not the request is from an AJAX source, and react accordingly:

function is_ajax_request() {
  return !empty($_SERVER['HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH']) && strtolower($_SERVER['HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH']) == 'xmlhttprequest';
  • hi Clive, thanks for the answer! So according to you if I add this in the check in hook_init - it must work, but I just checked and it is not working so here is what I wrote in hook_init: if (user_is_logged_in() && !_is_ajax_request() && !have_profile()) { drupal_set_message(...) } Nov 5, 2013 at 14:22
  • Is have_profile() returning the expected value?
    – Clive
    Nov 5, 2013 at 14:27
  • yes I was just editing my comment ... exactly Nov 5, 2013 at 14:27
  • yes ... everything is working - just it is showing twice sometimes, and when I checked further - I realized that the hook_init is executing twice, because I added a dpm there Nov 5, 2013 at 14:28
  • Hmmm...you can check that it's the definitely happening twice in the same request using a static: static $foo = FALSE; if (!$foo) { $foo = TRUE; drupal_set_message('..); }. If you only get one message from now on, then hook_init() is indeed being invoked twice. If not, it's that the message is being added to the session as part of another page request somehow (and usually that's AJAX)
    – Clive
    Nov 5, 2013 at 14:33

The easiest way to avoid the messages are repeated is setting the drupal_set_message() $repeat parameter to FALSE.

 drupal_set_message(t('You must validate your email address for this account before logging in via OpenID.'), 'status', FALSE);

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