I know that one can use the export link to copy a content type or a view to another drupal site. But if that content type has a lot of content, is there a way to also copy that over as well?
It may be too late for this, but I needed the same thing and came across this thread so thought others might also. There's a new module called Data Export Import which does exactly what you need:
The purpose of this module is to be able to export nodes, taxonomy terms and users to data files and then be able to import these data files into Drupal sites. There may be many uses for this module but the main one would be that it can provide a way to export data from a live Drupal site and then to import that live data into an updated version of that site.